String.format

2010-01-13

Already since Java 5.0 (released in Sept. 2004) the String class has been extended by the “format“ class method. This method offers the possibility to use placeholders in a string that will be replaced by argument values. Similar methods are known as “sprinf“ or simply “printf” in various programming languages.

With String.format the following expression

String s = "Hello " + name;

can be re-written as

String s = String.format("Hello %s", name);

It‘s getting more interesting if you want to output formatted values. Here is another example which outputs a number and a formatted date:

String s = "Found "  count  " requests since " + DateFormat.getDateInstance().format(date);

Now the same expression with the String.format method.

String s = String.format("Found %d requests since %tD", count, date);

Check out the javadocs for more information:

Javadoc: http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/util/Formatter.html#syntax
Javadoc: http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/lang/String.html


me

Marco Rico Gomez is a passionate software developer located in Germany who likes to share his thoughts and experiences about software development and technologies with others.


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